This thematic issue (vol.23 supl.1) revisits the concept of Latin eugenics in different historical circumstances and countries, such as Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Spain, Italy, Portugal and the United States.
Flávia Florentino Varella explores the ideas of the historian Robert Southey (1774 – 1843) about miscegenation.
The article by Luc André Berlivet investigates the rise to international prominence of the Italian statistician and eugenicist Corrado Gini (1884- 1965).
Richard Mark Cleminson assesses critically the participation of Portuguese eugenicists in “Latin eugenics”.
In an analysis of the Brazilian case, Vanderlei Sebastião de Souza explores the dialogue and exchanges between Brazilian eugenicists and their counterparts abroad in the early twentieth century.
This special issue also features an article on the racial ideas of the physician, journalist, and republican militant Domingos Guedes Cabral (1852-1883).
Ana Carolina Vimieiro-Gomes sheds light on debates over national identity under the first Vargas government, when biotypology was finding space in the Brazilian medical and scientific fields.
In his paper, Ricardo Campos examines some of the main elements that shaped eugenic discourse and practices during the first decades of the Franco regime.
Diego Armus proposes a discussion about the history of eugenics in Argentina and Alexandra Minna Stern writes about forced sterilization practices in psychiatric institutions among what were then known as “imbeciles”.
Finally, Mercedes García Ferrari and Diego Galeano explore the transnational circulation of methods for identifying people at police departments in Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil starting in the 1890s.
This current issue of História, Ciências, Saúde – Manguinhos also features two interviews with experts on this topic: Warwick Anderson and Jerry Dávila.
Read the full issue of HCS-Manguinhos – Latin eugenics in a transnational context.